Edgar Allan Poe was a poet, short -story writer, and literary critic. Poe started to be noted for his tales of terror and for his modern detective stories. His mother died when he was three years old. He was raised by John Allan, he was a Virginia tobacco exporter. He attended a private school near London, later went to college at The University of Virginia. He was dismissed for disobedience of orders. Poe was an editor, critic, and a short-story writer for newspapers in Richmond, Philadelphia and in New York City. " The Raven" brought him fame as a poet.